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    Title: Gary snyder and the poetics of symbiosis
    Authors: 蔡振興;Tsai, Chen-hsing
    Contributors: 淡江大學英文學系
    Keywords: Ecocriticism;Gary Snyder;Eco-consciousness;The natural contract;Radical empiricism;Mountains and rivers without end;The practice of the wild;Michel Serres;Symbiosis
    Date: 2005-06
    Issue Date: 2010-01-07 10:04:19 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 淡江大學西洋語文研究所
    Abstract: Ecocriticism, an emergent literary discourse which addresses the ecological crisis, stresses the importance of transforming our ego consciousness into an eco-consciousness. If the nature writing of romantics and American transcendentalists still objectified Nature as a metaphysical absolute, recent environmental writing takes a more radically empirical perspective, beginning not from the (anthropocentric or even zoocentric) “self” but from the situation of being already-embodied, already within-nature, already dependent on the natural environment for its/our/the earth's (mutual) survival. Thus the otherness of the surrounding environment is now seen as being central to the formation of an organism's symbiotic identity. In a sense this otherness is also wildness, and the concept of wildness has become central to discussions of a perhaps collective eco-consciousness-a much more empirical, non-anthropocentric, “wilder” wildness than that of traditional nature writing. I will argue here that Gary Snyder's The Practice of the Wild sets forth ecological idea(l)s that can shape our contemporary environmental imagination and help us to forge a “culture of wildness.” I also will interpret the Snyderian poetics of symbiosis-where symbiosis suggests the necessary and inevitable interweaving of ancient aboriginal and future high tech cultures, and of Eastern and Western thinking, as well as of organisms and environment-as a radically empirical extension of Thoreau's and Emerson's naturalist (and “universalist”) poetics.
    Relation: Tamkang Review 34(3-4), pp.129-154
    Appears in Collections:[英文學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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