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    Title: Feminine Writing and Naturalized Ethic of Mary Oliver
    Other Titles: 瑪麗‧奧利弗的女性書寫與自然化倫理
    Authors: 黃逸民;Huang, I-ming
    Contributors: 淡江大學英文學系
    Keywords: 瑪麗·奧利弗;生態詩歌;女性書寫;埃蓮娜·西克蘇;自然化倫理;霍姆斯·羅斯頓;固有價值;Mary Oliver ecopoetry feminine writing Hélène Cixous naturalized ethic Holmes Rolston III intrinsic value
    Date: 2008-10
    Issue Date: 2010-08-10
    Publisher: 武漢師範大學文學院
    Abstract: 本論文分析瑪麗·奧利弗在其女性書寫中對"物性"的探索,原因在于它能讓我們意識到自然的固有價值。奧利弗反對我們把自然看成一個文化的產物,主張我們關注自然的物質性,充分意識到我們在某一地的"根基"以及我們對此地的責任。與女性書寫一樣,她的詩歌試圖重建我們與自然在身體上的聯系。在她的自然詩里,她向我們展示自然那不可削減的他性,敦促我們承認和尊重自然的差異性。論文作者指出,埃蓮娜.西克蘇有關女性書寫的概念超越了"消除自我"的過程,有力地挑戰了"我思"中的"我性",向著建立一個非人類中心主義的自然觀的方向發展。實際上,西克蘇的女性書寫中的一個重要主題就是探索"物性",探索我們對自然的尊重如何幫助我們認識到自然是一個獨立且平等的他者。有趣的是,女性書寫中突出的"物性"與霍姆斯.羅斯頓倡導的自然化倫理所強調的非人類起源的價值觀有著異曲同工之妙。羅斯頓提倡建立一個新的生態倫理模式,堅信固有價值與工具價值之間的差別對于我們評價自然有著至關重要的意義。In this paper, MaryOliver’s poetry is discussed and analyzed to illustrate her exp loration of“thingness”in her feminine writing as it reawakens our consciousness of the intrinsic value of nature. Instead of seeing nature as a cultural construct, Oliver urges us to attend to the physicality of nature, to be aware of our“groundedness”in a p lace and responsibility for it. Her poetry, like feminine writing, aims to reestablish our bodily connection to nature. In her ecopoetry, she tries to call our attention to the irreducible otherness of nature, whose difference must be recognized and respected. The author argues that Hélène Cixous’concep t of feminine writing extends importantly beyond the p rocess of“de-selfing” in order to challenge the “ I-ness”of the “ I think, ”to a non-anthropocentric attitude toward nature. Exp loration of“thingness”, how respect for nature should see nature as a separate and equal other, is an important theme conveyed in Cixous’feminine writing. Interestingly, the highlight of“thingness”in feminine writing bears resemblance to the nonanthropogenic value stressed by the naturalized ethics advocated by Holmes Rolston III. He recommends a paradigm shift to a biologically based ethics and insists that the difference between the intrinsic value and instrumental value is crucial to the valuing of nature.
    Relation: 外國文學研究 = Foreign Literature Studies 30(5), pp.10-19
    Appears in Collections:[英文學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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