X-rayabsorption near-edge structure (XANES) and x-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) measurements were used to investigate the effect of Mgdoping in ZnOnanorods. The intensities of the features in the O K-edge XANES spectra of Zn1−xMgxOnanorods are lower than those of pure ZnOnanorods, suggesting that Mgdoping increases the negative effective charge of O ions. XES and XANES spectra of O 2p states indicate that Mgdoping raises (lowers) the conduction-band-minimum (valence-band-maximum) and increases the band gap. The band gap is found to increase linearly with the Mg content, as revealed by photoluminescence and combined XANES and XES measurements.
Journal of Applied Physics 104(1), pp.013709(4 pages)