淡江大學機構典藏:Item 987654321/27460
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    题名: Gas molecule effects on field emission properties of single-walled carbon nanotube
    作者: Chen, Chun-Wei;Lee, Ming-hsien;Clark, S.-J.
    贡献者: 淡江大學物理學系
    关键词: Carbon nanotube;Filed emission;Workfunction;First-principles
    日期: 2004-04
    上传时间: 2009-12-31 10:10:10 (UTC+8)
    出版者: Switzerland: Elsevier
    摘要: The effective workfunctions of single-walled carbon nanotubes (5,5) (SWNTs) with various geometries and adsorbates under external electric field have been calculated by the ab initio plane-wave, pseudopotential method. The capped, open-ended, and close-ended nanotubes show the workfunctions of 4.8 eV, 4.43 eV and 3.75 eV, respectively, and these results exhibit a good agreement with experiments. Under external electric field, the effective workfunction is further reduced due to the charge redistribution at the nanotube tip. In addition, the effects of participation of foreign adsorbates on the nanotube surface both physically and chemically on the variations of workfunctions have also been studied. In the physisorption process, the electrostatic interaction between adsorbates and nanotubes plays an important role under external electric field. The polar molecules like water have a large binding energy with the nanotube under electric field. These molecules act as tunneling states for electrons emitting from the nanotube tip into the vacuum. In the chemisorption process, the variations of effective workfunctions can be understood in terms of the surface dipole of the terminated bond due to the different electronegativity between nanotubes and adsorbates.
    關聯: Diamond and Related Materials 13(4-8), pp.1306-1313
    DOI: 10.1016/j.diamond.2003.11.081
    显示于类别:[物理學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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