Interactive courseware aids learners to access information and tools by which they can construct personalized transitions between the information to be accessed and their own cognitive structures. The process of navigation enables learners to experience the content of interactive courseware. Learning pathways also reveal the learning trails while learners traverse any interactive environment. Since learners have unique knowledge structures based upon their experiences and abilities, the ways that they choose to access, interact, and interrelate messages in interactive courseware also vary. Studies on pathways help us to explore and explain human behaviors during learning processes. The aim of this study is to answer two research questions: (1) do learners use guided discovery courseware differently? and (2) what relation do pathways have to learning performance? An inventory was made of exploratory learning processes by analyzing learners' navigational data recorded in computers. Frequency and duration of each step in the learning pathway were identified and calculated. The null hypothesis was tested and conclusions were drawn.
Journal of Network and Computer Applications 19(4), pp.367-380