The purposes of this study were to investigate the effects of computer-assisted video-based anchored instruction on promoting students' attitudes toward mathematical instruction and problem-solving skills for Taiwanese elementary students and to examine the effects of different media attributes on students' mathematical achievement and attitudes in a situated learning environment. The independent variables were treatment (situated learning treatment as an experimental group vs. no treatment as a control group) and media attributes (video-based CD-ROM computer-assisted instruction vs. printed storybook). The dependent variables were achievement in solving mathematical problems and attitudes toward mathematics. There was a significant difference among groups in students' achievement, but no significant difference on their attitudes. Furthermore, a post hoc analysis indicated that there was a significant difference between the CD-ROM group and the control group on achievement. However, there was no significant difference found between the Printed Storybook group and the control group nor between the CD-ROM group and the Printed Storybook group. These findings suggest that anchored instruction was more important than media attributes in the teaching of problem solving among Taiwanese elementary students.
Journal of Educational Computing Research 21(2), pp.119-139