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    題名: Social Representations of Events and People in World History Across 12 Cultures
    作者: Liu, James H.;Goldstein-hawes, Rebekah;Hilton, Denis;Huang, Li-li;Gastardo-Conaco, Cecilia;Dresler-Hawke, Emma;Pittolo, Florence;Hong, Ying-yi;Ward, Colleen;Abraham, Sheela;Kashima, Yoshihisa;Kashima, Emiko;Ohashi, Megumi M.;Yuki, Masaki;Hidaka, Yukako
    貢獻者: 淡江大學通識與核心課程中心
    關鍵詞: Social Representation;World History;12 Cultures
    日期: 2005-03
    上傳時間: 2009-12-15 12:45:15 (UTC+8)
    出版者: SAGE Publications
    摘要: Social representations of world history were assessed using the open-ended questions, “What are the most important events in world history?” and “Who are the most influential persons in world history in the last 1,000 years?”Data from six Asian and six Western samples showed cross-cultural consensus. Historical representations were (a) focused on the recent past, (b) centered around politics and war, and (c) dominated by the events of the World Wars and (d) the individual Hitler, who was universally perceived as negative. (e) Representations were more Eurocentric than ethnocentric.(f) The importance of economics and science was underrepresented.(g) Most cultures nominated people (more than events) idiosyncratic to their own culture. These data reflect power relations in the world and provide resources and constraints for the conduct of international relations. The degree of cross-cultural consensus suggests that hybridity across Eastern and Western cultures in the representation of knowledge may be underestimated.
    關聯: Journal of cross-cultural psychology 36(2), pp.171-191
    DOI: 10.1177/0022022104272900
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