English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 49355/84015 (59%)
Visitors : 7272959      Online Users : 52
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library & TKU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/24407


    Title: Academic achievement of twins and singletons in early adulthood: Taiwanese cohort study
    Authors: Tsou, Meng-Ting;鄒孟文;Tsou, Meng-wen;Wu, Ming-ping;Liu, Jin-tan
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際貿易學系暨國際企業研究所
    Date: 2008-07
    Issue Date: 2009-11-30 18:20:38 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: London: B M J Group
    Abstract: Objectives To examine the long term effects of low birth weight on academic achievements in twins and singletons and to determine whether the academic achievement of twins in early adulthood is inferior to that of singletons.

    Design Cohort study.

    Setting Taiwanese nationwide register of academic outcome.

    Participants A cohort of 218 972 singletons and 1687 twins born in Taiwan, 1983-5.

    Main outcome measure College attendance and test scores in the college joint entrance examinations.

    Results After adjustment for birth weight, gestational age, birth order, and sex and the sociodemographic characteristics of the parents, twins were found to have significantly lower mean test scores than singletons in Chinese, mathematics, and natural science, as well as a 2.2% lower probability of attending college. Low birthweight twins had an 8.5% lower probability of college attendance than normal weight twins, while low birthweight singletons had only a 3.2% lower probability. The negative effects of low birth weight on the test scores in English and mathematics were substantially greater for twins than for singletons. The twin pair analysis showed that the association between birth weight and academic achievement scores, which existed for opposite sex twin pairs, was not discernible for same sex twin pairs, indicating that birth weight might partly reflect other underlying genetic variations.

    Conclusions These data support the proposition that twins perform less well academically than singletons. Low birth weight has a negative association with subsequent academic achievement in early adulthood, with the effect being stronger for twins than for singletons. The association between birth weight and academic performance might be partly attributable to genetic factors.
    Relation: BMJ (Clinical Research Edition) 337(a438) page 1-5
    DOI: 10.1136/bmj.a438
    Appears in Collections:[國際企業學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    bmj.a438.full.pdf100KbAdobe PDF148View/Open

    All items in 機構典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library & TKU Library IR teams. Copyright ©   - Feedback