This paper examines alternative financial contracts for production decisions under an optimal-based valuation. We demonstrate that while the optimal loan contract consists of only conventional loans, the firm is over-borrowing and thus has over-production since its risk-adjusted future price is expected to be greater than the risk-adjusted current price. If the optimal contract consists of both conventional loans and commodity loans explicitly incorporating characteristics of the firm's product market, the firm's over-borrowing and thus over-production will vanish. Our results demonstrate that the form of contract structures provides much needed price expectation stability to the product market.
Journal of Information & Optimization Sciences 26(1), pp.165-180