|摘要: ||電腦輔助教學是資訊教育的重點, 也被認為是一種最適合學生學習、認知的學習方法。在軟體課程的發展中, 腳本的規畫與撰寫是整個軟體發展的關鍵。本研究主要的目的在探討影響CAI課程軟體腳本設計的重要關鍵因素、課程軟體開發的特質及遭遇的困難。本研究依據資訊工業策進會1994育樂多媒體研究報告所列國內發展課程軟體的廠商, 選取10家開發廠商進行深度訪談; 並以教育部電腦輔助教學軟體發展計畫中委託各大學訓練發展CAI中小學教師為樣本, 以問卷方式進行調查, 總共郵寄345份, 回收116份。 由研究結果顯示, 課程軟體發展中分析、設計階段有逐漸模糊(Ambiguous)、整合的情形, 也就是不再那麼清楚地可以區分, 而且在規畫時的分析、設計時就有雛型發展的現象, 與一般文獻有所差異。廠商部分多借助外部的多媒體專才來協助發展課程軟體, 認為創意的發揮、媒體設計、內容主題是課程軟體發展的關鍵。教師部分則認為課程內容的範圍、回饋方式、學習目標、教學策略、測驗方式是課程軟體發展的關鍵。 本研究同時也對這些調查結果加以推論, 以供廠商及教育界在 CAI課程軟體發展規畫時作為參考。|
Computer assisted instruction was thought to be important instructional technology nowadays in Taiwan. The key point of the courseware development is focused on storyboard planning. The purpose of the research is to study the critical factors affecting CAI courseware storyboard planning and the problems confront during courseware planning by way of investigating. 10 CAI company courseware developer was conducted to determine the factors the contributing to the success of CAI courseware planning. 345 questionnaires was also mailed to elementary school teachers and high school teachers, who were received training course of CAI courseware development. 116 was returned. We find that the phase of analysis and design of CAI is not a clear cut as referenced by literature review. They are ambiguous and integrated as one, and we also find that prototyping is applied during analysis / design phase. External media expert is introduced into the storyboard planning. The critical factors affecting CAI courseware storyboard planning are interactive strategy, content, media design during courseware planning. The problems confronted most are lacking of creativeness, not suitable symbols needed during writing and difficult to present design in detail while writing storyboard.