English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  全文笔数/总笔数 : 49200/83641 (59%)
造访人次 : 7098393      在线人数 : 36
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library & TKU Library IR team.
搜寻范围 查询小技巧:
  • 您可在西文检索词汇前后加上"双引号",以获取较精准的检索结果
  • 若欲以作者姓名搜寻,建议至进阶搜寻限定作者字段,可获得较完整数据
  • 进阶搜寻


    jsp.display-item.identifier=請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/21932


    题名: 道德意識、架構效應與順序效應對道德判斷之影響:以作弊舉發與盈餘管理為例
    作者: 顏信輝;謝玉婷
    贡献者: 淡江大學會計學系
    关键词: 道德意識;架構效應;順序效應;信念調整;Ethical ideology;Framing effect;Order effect;Belief-adjustment
    日期: 2008-12-04
    上传时间: 2009-11-30 13:46:42 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 中華會計教育學會; 中興大學會計系
    摘要: Forsyth (1980) 提出理想主義與相對主義用以解釋個人之道德判斷,而架構效應(framing effect) 與順序效應 (order effect) 係心理學家提出個人處理資訊之兩個重要認知特性。本研究由兩實驗組成,分以考試作弊與盈餘管理為道德判斷情境,探討個人道德意識與認知特性對道德判斷之影響:一、實驗一發現,在不同道德判斷情境下,均證實道德意識對道德判斷具有顯著之影響,且高理想主義者(低相對主義者)對道德議題之判斷較低理想主義者(高相對主義者)為嚴格。對於相同經濟意義之資訊,以不同之陳述方式對道德判斷呈現顯著之影響,而以不同之資訊陳述順序,受試者對舉發作弊意願(贊同盈餘管理程度)呈現顯著之時近效應,即採先有利後不利之陳述順序者,其舉發作弊意願(贊同盈餘管理程度)會顯著高(低)於採先不利後有利之陳述順序者。二、實驗二發現,高理想主義者(低相對主義者)對道德議題之判斷較低理想主義者(高相對主義者)為嚴格。而不同之資訊陳述方式雖未對道德判斷呈現顯著之影響,但信念調整之方向與幅度,均符合預期,而不同之資訊陳述順序亦對道德判斷呈現顯著之影響。本研究以道德意識出發,並結合心理學家提出人類處理資訊之兩個重要認知特性,以期提出更接近真實世界情境之研究貢獻。
    Recent research has supported Forsyth's study conclusions about the taxonomy of ethical ideology: (1) Relativism, (2) Idealism in 1980. The typology of ethical ideologies explains this variation by suggesting that in general people take particular stances regarding ethics and that the position taken will influence the judgment reached. Psychologist suggested that framing effect and order effect can explain the cognitive bias on decisions. Experiment one and two respectively have 119 and 142 students as experimenters, which discuss the influence of ethical ideology and cognitive bias on moral judgment. Results indicate that: (1). Experiment one finds that ethical ideology have significantly different from moral judgments. Idealist (non-relativist) exhibits higher ethical standards for moral judgments than non-idealist (relativist). It also demonstrated that the moral judgments were influenced by framing effect and order effect. (2). Experiment two finds that idealist, non-idealist, relativist and non-relativist have different moral judgments. The order in which information is received that it is a recency effect occurs. Although these observation do not imply that the moral judgments were influenced by framing effect, but the belief-adjustments of experimenters were consistent with our anticipation. The study outlines the possible explanations for the moral judgments that influenced by cognitive bias and contribute to the empirical evidences were more complied with reality.
    關聯: 2008會計理論與實務研討會論文集,58頁
    显示于类别:[會計學系暨研究所] 會議論文

    文件中的档案:

    档案 描述 大小格式浏览次数
    道德意識、架構效應與順序效應對道德判斷之影響:以作弊舉發與盈餘管理為例_中文摘要.docx摘要14KbMicrosoft Word147检视/开启
    道德意識、架構效應與順序效應對道德判斷之影響:以作弊舉發與盈餘管理為例_英文摘要.docx摘要14KbMicrosoft Word50检视/开启

    在機構典藏中所有的数据项都受到原著作权保护.

    TAIR相关文章

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library & TKU Library IR teams. Copyright ©   - 回馈