This work examines the positive effects on highway capacity implementing automatic vehicle control. Mixed traffic streams of a mimic freeway interchange simulate an on-ramp section with autopilot-equipped vehicles and normal manual vehicles. The simulation illustrates characteristics of speed, volume and concentration of mixed flows. The capacity trend is presented with mixed ratios of equipped cars and its market occupation rate. In order to make current highways more efficient during the transition stage, general rules for traffic control are proposed.
Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies 5(6), pp.333-348