The randomness of tax revenue, in this paper, derives from the assumption that one’s income is the random variable of his effort. Thus, the government, while deciding the tax rate, must consider the possibility of deficiency in tax revenue caused by such randomness and the probability of its occurrence. We construct a linear income taxation model based on the interactions between the government’s tax policies and individual’s responses. The paper aims to explore the effects of individual’s income uncertainty and government’s risk attitude on individual behaviour and government strategy.
Journal of information & optimization sciences 16(3), pp.517-532