The life cycle of Streptomyces involves the formation of filamentous substrate and aerial hyphae. Following cessation of growth of an aerial hypha, multiple septation occurs at the tip to produce a chain of unigenomic spores. A gene, shyA, which influences several aspects of this growth, was isolated and partially characterized in Streptomyces coelicolor. The gene product is a representative of a well-conserved family of small actinomycete proteins. The shyA mutant sporulates normally but displays hyper septum formation and altered spore-chain morphology. Biochemical separation experiments and immunofluorescence staining demonstrated that the shyA gene product locates at cell membranes. Moreover, yeast two-hybrid screen and GST-pull-down assay showed that ShyA can interact with itself. Altogether, ShyA belongs to a new family of membrane-associated proteins which plays a role in morphological differentiation in actinomycetes.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 343(2), pp.369-377