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    题名: A note on the prisoner's dilemma
    其它题名: 略論「囚犯兩難」
    作者: 盛慶琜;Sheng, Ching-lai
    贡献者: 淡江大學經營決策學系
    关键词: Prisoner's dilemma;dominance principle;maximization of utility;social utility;feeling of moral satisfaction;coefficient of morality
    日期: 1994-05
    上传时间: 2009-11-04 17:30:31 (UTC+8)
    出版者: Springer
    摘要: This paper clarifies some basic concepts or assumptions of the prisoner's dilemma, asserts the independence between the two agents A and B, and advocates the application of the dominance principle of decision theory to the prisoner's dilemma. It discusses several versions of the prisoner's dilemma, including the one-shot and repeated cases of a noncooperative game from a purely egoistic point of view. The main part of this paper, however, is a study of the problem from a moral point of view through a special decision-theoretic approach. Morality is taken into account by incorporating the utility of the feeling of moral satisfaction for the agent, as a part of the total utility for the agent, into the decision-theoretic model. In this way the problem will appear as a purely technical decision problem, and the conflicts between various assumptions, or the dilemma caused by the problem, will no longer exist. It is also pointed out that in a more general case, for some values of the coefficient of morality k, dominance will not exist so that the dominance principle will not be applicable.
    關聯: Theory and decision 36(3), pp.233-246
    DOI: 10.1007/BF01079929
    显示于类别:[管理科學學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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