In fractal theory, the fractal dimension (D) is a measure of the complexity of particle distribution in nature. It can provide a description of how much space a particle set fills. The box-counting method uses squared grids of various sizes to cover the particles to obtain a box dimension. This sequential counting concept is analogous to the sieve analysis test using stacked sieves. In this paper the box-counting method is applied to describe the particle-size distribution of gravelly cobbles. Three approaches to obtain the fractal dimension are presented. In the first approach the data obtained from a classic laboratory sieve analysis are rearranged into a double-logarithmic plot, according to a fractal model, to obtain the fractal dimension of the particle collection. In addition, an equivalent number of covered grids on each sieve during the sieve analysis are counted to produce the box dimension. According to the box-counting method concept, a photo-sieving technique used in scanning electron microscope microstructure analysis is adopted for use on gravelly cobbles in the field. The box-counting method concept is capable of explaining the sieve analysis data to clarify the information on the particle-size distribution. Using photo-sieving to produce the fractal dimension from field photographs can provide another approach for understanding the particle-size distribution. However, the representative cross-profile should be chosen carefully. The composition of the particle-size distribution for gravelly cobbles with higher D values is more complicated than those at sites with smaller D values.Key words: sieve analysis, box-counting method, fractal dimension, particle-size distribution, gravelly cobbles.