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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/12842

    Title: 論牟宗三先生對老子形上思想之定位
    Other Titles: Mr. Mou Tsung-san's Onientation to Laotze's Metaphysical Thoughts
    Authors: 高柏園
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國文學學系
    Keywords: 周文疲弊;境界型態;實有型態;實踐哲學;;無為;;the cultural bankruptcy of the Chou Dynasty;state mode, being mode;practical philosophy;Non-Existence;inaction;The Fundamental Truth
    Date: 2002-12
    Issue Date: 2013-04-17 11:30:23 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 臺北市:東方人文學術研究基金會•中國哲學研究中心
    Abstract: 老子思想是道家思想的主要根據,也是決定道家思想性格的重要依據。我們可以說,掌握了老子思想也就掌握了道家思想、進而也就能準確地區分儒道思想之異同。在當代學者對老子思想之研究中,牟宗三先生的立場最為特殊,也最值得討論。牟先生曾先通過周文疲弊,指出中國哲學仍是以實踐為優先的事實,而後,再以實踐所呈現之境界,說明中國哲學之精神。以此為線索,牟先生乃判定儒道思想皆為一實踐之智慧,亦是一境界型態的形上學。此中,儒道之區分,可就以下數義加以說明:




    Laotze's thoughts is the main basis as well as the formation of Taoism. We may say that seize Laotze, seize Taoism. Furthermore we can differerentiate Confucianism and Taoism correctly. Mr. Mou Tsung-san has the most special position and whose thoughts are worth discussing in contemporary Laotze Studies. Mr. Mou points out that Chinese philosophy gives priority to practice and after that, he describes its spirits by the state. By this clue, Mr. Mou ascertains that both Confucianism and Taoism are practical wisdom as well as state mode metaphysics we can differentiate between Confucianism and Taoism as follows.
    Firstly. Confucianism gives priority to morality, Taoism exists in pursuit of freedom.
    Secondly, Confucianism create itself positively through morality, Taoism achieves itself passively by the way of conceal.
    Thirdly, Confucianism forms a mode of "verticality, vertical discussion"; Taoism forms a mode of "verticality, transversc discussion".
    In addition, I'll discuss Professor Yuan, Pao-hsin's opinions about Mr. Mou's interpretation of Laotze. Briefly speaking, actually, Mr. Mou has already aware of the danger of subjectivism and try to avoid . Certainly , moral character in the "space" to appear, however, it should be the concrete expression of The Fundamental Truth. At the mean time, The Fundamental Truth has meaning of model by meaning of value.
    Relation: 鵝湖學誌=Legein Society 29,頁1-26
    Appears in Collections:[中國文學學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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