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    題名: Explore the Effects of Pharmacological, Psychosocial, and Alternative /Complementary Interventions in Children and Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Meta-regression Approach
    作者: Kung-Han Yang, Yue-Cune Chang, Ruu-Fen Tzang, Hsien-Yuan Lane
    關鍵詞: ADHD;treatment efficacy;pharmacotherapy;behavior therapy;meta-regression
    日期: Jun. 4,
    上傳時間: 2021-06-07 12:10:21 (UTC+8)
    出版者: Oxford University Press
    摘要: Background Till now, there have been various therapies for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
    (ADHD), but the previous meta-analysis of ADHD efficacy remains unclear. This study aims to
    systemically meta-regress the effect sizes of psychostimulant pharmacotherapy (methylphenidate and
    lisdexamfetamine), non-stimulant pharmacotherapy (atomoxetine and alpha-2 agonists), psychosocial
    therapy (parental behavioral therapy [PBT]), combination therapy (psychostimulant plus PBT), and
    alternative/complementary interventions to determine the right treatment for ADHD. Methods We
    searched various ADHD interventions from the MEDLINE and PubMed databases (National Center
    for Biotechnology Information) between January 1, 1980 and July 30, 2018. Following the metaanalysis of random effects, the meta-regression analyses were used to explore factors potentially
    influencing treatment efficacy. The confounding variables included type of treatment, type of study,
    age, type of symptom scale used, and year of publication. Results A total of 107 trials (N = 9883
    participants) were included. After adjustment, compared to the psychostimulant therapy (28 trial,
    2134 participants), non-stimulant pharmacotherapy (28 trials, 4991 participants) and
    alternative/complement intervention (25 trials, 1195 participants) were less effective by the effect
    sizes (ES) of -0.384 (p = 0.004) and -0.419 (p = 0.028) respectively. However, compared to
    psychostimulant, PBT (19 trials, 1122 participants; ES = -0.308, p = 0.095) and combination of
    psychostimulant and PBT (7 trials, 441participants; ES = -0.196, p = 0.209) did not differ
    significantly. Conclusions Psychostimulant therapy surpassed non-stimulant pharmacotherapy and
    alternative/complement intervention. Psychostimulant therapy, PBT, and combination of
    psychostimulant therapy and PBT appear to be similar in efficacy according to this meta-regression.
    關聯: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, pyab034
    DOI: 10.1093/ijnp/pyab034
    顯示於類別:[數學學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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