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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/120507


    Title: Check-valve design in enhancing aerodynamic performance of flapping wings
    Authors: Yang, Lung-Jieh;Waikhom, Reshmi;Wang, Wei-Cheng;Joseph, Vivek Jabaraj;Esakki, Balasubramanian;Unnam, Neethish Kumar;Li, Xiuhan;Lee, Chi-Yuan
    Keywords: check-valve;flapping wing;high lift device
    Date: 2021-04-10
    Issue Date: 2021-04-15 12:13:27 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: MDPI
    Abstract: A flapping wing micro air vehicle (FWMAV) demands high lift and thrust generation for a desired payload. In view of this, the present work focuses on a novel way of enhancing the lift characteristics through integrating check-valves in the flapping wing membrane. Modal analysis and static analysis are performed to determine the natural frequency and deformation of the check-valve. Based on the inference, the check-valve opens and closes during the upstroke flapping and downstroke flapping, respectively. Wind tunnel experiments were conducted by considering the two cases of wing design, i.e., with and without a check-valve for various driving voltages, wind speeds and different inclined angles. A 20 cm-wingspan polyethylene terephthalate (PET) membrane wing with two check-valves, composed of central disc-cap with radius of 7.43 mm, supported by three S-beams, actuated by Evans mechanism to have 90° stroke angle, is considered for the 10 gf (gram force) FWMAV study. The aerodynamic performances, such as lift and net thrust for these two cases, are evaluated. The experimental result demonstrates that an average lift of 17 gf is generated for the case where check-valves are attached on the wing membrane to operate at 3.7 V input voltage, 30° inclined angle and 1.5 m/s wind speed. It is inferred that sufficient aerodynamic benefit with 68% of higher lift is attained for the wing membrane incorporated with check-valve.
    Relation: Applied Sciences 11(8), 3416
    DOI: 10.3390/app11083416
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute & Department of Mechanical and Electro-Mechanical Engineering] Journal Article

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