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    题名: Augmenting CO2 absorption flux through a gas-liquid membrane module by inserting carbon-fiber spacers
    作者: Chen, Luke;Ho, Chii-Dong;Jen, Li-Yang;Lim, Jun-Wei;Chen, Yu-Han
    关键词: carbon dioxide absorption;MEA solvent;mass transfer;Sherwood number;membrane contactor;concentration polarization
    日期: 2020-10-22
    上传时间: 2020-10-27 12:10:22 (UTC+8)
    出版者: MDPI
    摘要: We investigated the insertion of eddy promoters into a parallel-plate gas–liquid polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) membrane contactor to effectively enhance carbon dioxide absorption through aqueous amine solutions (monoethanolamide—MEA). In this study, a theoretical model was established and experimental work was performed to predict and to compare carbon dioxide absorption efficiency under concurrent- and countercurrent-flow operations for various MEA feed flow rates, inlet CO2 concentrations, and channel design conditions. A Sherwood number's correlated expression was formulated, incorporating experimental data to estimate the mass transfer coefficient of the CO2 absorption in MEA flowing through a PTFE membrane. Theoretical predictions were calculated and validated through experimental data for the augmented CO2 absorption efficiency by inserting carbon-fiber spacers as an eddy promoter to reduce the concentration polarization effect. The study determined that a higher MEA feed rate, a lower feed CO2 concentration, and wider carbon-fiber spacers resulted in a higher CO2 absorption rate for concurrent- and countercurrent-flow operations. A maximum of 80% CO2 absorption efficiency enhancement was found in the device by inserting carbon-fiber spacers, as compared to that in the empty channel device. The overall CO2 absorption rate was higher for countercurrent operation than that for concurrent operation. We evaluated the effectiveness of power utilization in augmenting the CO2 absorption rate by inserting carbon-fiber spacers in the MEA feed channel and concluded that the higher the flow rate, the lower the power utilization’s effectiveness. Therefore, to increase the CO2 absorption flux, widening carbon-fiber spacers was determined to be more effective than increasing the MEA feed flow rate.
    關聯: Membranes 10(11), 302
    DOI: 10.3390/membranes10110302
    显示于类别:[化學工程與材料工程學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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