Institute of China and Asia-Pacific Studies, National Sun Yat-sen University, Taiwan
China's arrival in the Arctic aroused suspicion in foreign media and politics that are distressed about China's goals in the Far North. This article explores the question of how China approaches and shapes the Arctic governance system with an emphasis on the Nordics and assumes that the precondition for an effective Arctic diplomacy is whether and how China manages and approaches the different levels of Arctic governance. It argues that it is the small but wealthy European Arctic states that are indispensable to China's goal to globalise the Arctic region and to complete the Polar Silk Road (PSR) in the coming years and decade(s). Russia is a conduit to connecting the PSR with Western Europe. However, Beijing's primary interests lie in robust and cooperative bilateral relations with the Arctic European states, enabling it to flexibly react to future external developments and opportunities, to promote the globalization of, and China's access to, the Arctic.
Contemporary Chinese Political Economy and Strategic Relations : An International Journal 6(3)