This study aims to explore the gender parity pattern in higher education through the longitudinal series data of Korea and Japan. Korea’s gross enrollment ratio (GER) in higher education had reached 52% since 1995, ranking third in the world, behind the United States and Australia. In 2002, the GER in Japan also reached 50%, which implies moving to the universal stage as Trow’s definition. This study chose Japan and Korea as targets to demonstrate their patterns in gender parity through higher education expansion. The enrollment data of higher education from 1971 to 2016 in Japan and Korea were collected from the World Bank. Using Becker’s coefficient of discrimination (D) and Trow’s three different stages, this study analyzes the trends of gender parity in the systems. To predict the D of Japan and Korea for the next 10 years, the fittest ARIMA model was built. The finding reveals the trend of gender parity with higher education expansion has achieved remarkable mileages. The predicted gender parity of higher education in Japan and Korea will reduce their discrepancies in next decade.
ICIC Express Letters Part B: Applications 11(4), p.389-395