|摘要: ||PURPOSE: Taiwan is surrounded by the sea, the weather was hot and humidly, there had hundreds of cases of drowning deaths every year. It is an important issue that how to the prevention of drowning accidents.
METHODS: The study used data on drowning deaths in Taiwan from 2013 to 2017. Analysis of the relationship between government investment resources and effectiveness by spatial statistical methods such as geographic information systems and geospatial statistics software.
RESULTS: (1) The average rate of drowning deaths was 1.51/100,000 people in Taiwan and the number of drowning deaths in New Taipei City was 18.4%, followed by Kaohsiung was 11.78%, Tainan was 11.72% and Taipei which was 10.15%. (2) The drowning accident occurred was highest in July, with a total of 227 people died as a result of drowning, 205 people in August and 196 people in September. (3) The Heat zone in which the drowning accident occurred was in the Sanchong District 2.58%, the Shilin District was 2.36%, the Anping District was 2.24%. (4) The causes of drowning death were floating corpse was 31.52%, suicide was 18.79% and other was 17.22%.
CONCLUSION: (1) The case of regional spatial autocorrelation (LISA) analysis, it is found that the overall distribution shows high autocorrelation, and the regional space from the relevant “high-high” region, highly concentrated in the Sanchong District, the Shilin District and the Tainan Anping District and other marginal areas. (2) By spatial measurement, we can find that the causes of drowning hot spot (hot-spot) area from different environmental impact factors, and then discuss the effective prevention of drowning resources and government strategies.