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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/117348


    Title: Criteria for Directly Detecting Topological Fermi Arcs in Weyl Semimetals
    Authors: Belopolski, Ilya;Xu, Su-Yang;Sanchez, Daniel S.;Chang, Guoqing;Guo, Cheng;Neupane, Madhab;Zheng, Hao;Lee, Chi-Cheng;Huang, Shin-Ming;Bian, Guang;Alidoust, Nasser;Chang, Tay-Rong;Wang, BaoKai;Zhang, Xiao;Bansil, Arun;Jeng, Horng-Tay;Lin, Hsin;Jia, Shuang;Hasan, M. Zahid
    Date: 2016-02-10
    Issue Date: 2019-10-10 12:10:18 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: American Physical Society
    Abstract: The recent discovery of the first Weyl semimetal in TaAs provides the first observation of a Weyl fermion in nature and demonstrates a novel type of anomalous surface state, the Fermi arc. Like topological insulators, the bulk topological invariants of a Weyl semimetal are uniquely fixed by the surface states of a bulk sample. Here we present a set of distinct conditions, accessible by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES), each of which demonstrates topological Fermi arcs in a surface state band structure, with minimal reliance on calculation. We apply these results to TaAs and NbP. For the first time, we rigorously demonstrate a nonzero Chern number in TaAs by counting chiral edge modes on a closed loop. We further show that it is unreasonable to directly observe Fermi arcs in NbP by ARPES within available experimental resolution and spectral linewidth. Our results are general and apply to any new material to demonstrate a Weyl semimetal.
    Relation: Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 066802
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.066802
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute & Department of Physics] Journal Article

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