An effective evacuation system can help people escape from building fire. Most evacuation systems
consist of an indoor positioning system, a back-end database, and a display device with calculation
and display software. However, very few of them can smartly determine which evacuation route is the
best decision. If all the locations of the evacuating people can be simultaneously determined, the best
evacuation routes can be decided to avoid congestion, and survival rate can increase. The previous
radio frequency identification (RFID) based evacuation system focused on detecting the RFID tags
using a mobile phone in order to determine the location of the mobile phone user so that an evacuation
route can be displayed. However, the system is available for one person regardless of the number of
evacuating people or exits. This study is based on the previous RFID based evacuation system
investigating the best evacuation routes. The system introduces cloud computing that calculates for
positioning the evacuating people and determining the optimum evacuation routes for each of them.
The system will be implemented at Tamkang University on Lanyang campus.
JCIT: Journal of Convergence Information Technology 7(7), p.208-215