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    Title: Uncertainty and depressive symptoms as mediators of quality of life in patients with heart failure
    Authors: Ting-Yu Chen, Chi-Wen Kao, Shu-Meng Cheng, Yue-Cune Chang
    Date: 2018-11-14
    Issue Date: 2019-03-16 12:10:39 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Uncertainty in illness is regarded as a source of stress in many chronic diseases and is negatively related to health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, studies on the relationship between uncertainty and HRQoL in patients with heart failure are limited. This study used Mishel’s theory of uncertainty in illness to investigate the mediating role of uncertainty in illness and depressive symptoms between symptom distress and HRQoL in patients with heart failure. This study used a cross-sectional correlation design. Participants were recruited by convenience sampling from outpatient services and medical wards of cardiology departments of a medical center in northern Taiwan. Data were collected for uncertainty, depressive symptoms, symptoms distress of heart failure, and HRQoL using self-report questionnaires. Demographics and clinical characteristics were analyzed with descriptive statistics. The mutual effects of disease characteristics, symptom distress, uncertainty in illness, depressive symptoms and HRQoL, as well as the overall model fitness, were analyzed by with structural equation modeling. We collected 147 qualified questionnaires. The mean score for the Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale for patients with heart failure was 73.5 (SD = 18.55); 65.3% of participants had a score of ≧13 on the Beck Depressive Inventory-II, indicating mild depression. Uncertainty, depressive symptoms, and HRQoL were directly related to symptom distress. Symptom distress and depressive symptoms were both mediators between uncertainty and depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms also mediated emotional support and HRQoL. Uncertainty and depressive symptoms were important factors in the pathway between symptom distress and HRQoL for heart failure patients. We suggest providing heart failure patients with tailored interventions for effective self-management of symptoms based on Mishel’s theory of uncertainty in illness, which could help control disease symptoms, alleviate uncertainty and depression as well as improve HRQoL.
    Relation: PLoS One 13(11), p.1-13
    DOI: 10.1371/ journal.pone.0205953
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute & Department of Mathematics] Journal Article

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