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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/115616

    Title: China’s Raw Materials Diplomacy and Governance Cycle: Towards Sustainable Mining and Resource Extraction?
    Authors: Biedermann, Reinhard
    Date: 2018-08
    Issue Date: 2018-11-29 12:10:27 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: China’s raw materials diplomacy and unregulated purchasing of minerals in
    Africa and Latin America, as well as its domestic raw materials export quota, have for
    years been eyed with suspicion by state and private actors. Industrialized countries
    want to uphold and extend free market access to raw materials, but also strengthen their
    political accountability and sustainability. However, critics argue that in contrast,
    China, the world’s largest metals and minerals trading power, has taken the opposite
    course, ignoring social and environmental standards, reinforcing authoritarian governments,
    and erecting trade barriers. China is faced with several interrelated challenges
    in its resource diplomacy and governance. This article claims that an
    identifiable, chronological connection and pattern has existed between China’s aid and
    investment diplomacy for resources since the late 1990s, free trade agreements since the
    2000s, Beijing’s resource nationalism since the 2010s, and the reform process of national
    and privately organized transnational governance towards sustainability in the
    present day. Is China socializing with emerging transnational standards on mining and
    resource extraction in the developing world, and if so, why? This article argues that
    China’s raw materials governance, including corporate governance, has entered a
    phase of reform to pacify the external environment and to implement the Belt and Road
    Initiative. In theoretical terms, China’s raw materials governance will continue to
    emphasize neoliberal and neo-mercantilist goals, cushioned by globalist features.
    Relation: Issues & Studies: A Social Science Quarterly on China, Taiwan, and East Asian Affairs Vol. 54, No. 4 (August 2018) 1840009 (31 pages)
    DOI: 10.1142/S101325111840009X
    Appears in Collections:[Department of Global Political Economy] Journal Article

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