This paper presents findings from the analysis of the picture of China and Chinese in the selected Polish newspapers from 1st November 2016 till 30th April 2017. It answers the following questions: a) What is the significance and meaning of China promoted by Polish media? b) What does this perspective on China tell us about the self-image of the Poles? c) What policies towards China can this particular understanding of China enable, limit, justify or support? The methods and techniques for analysis are grounded in media research and discourse analysis supported with the NVivo - the Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software. The data for analysis comes from the monitoring of the two daily and three weekly papers. This study fills the gap in the literature on the perception of this Asian country in Poland and, at the same time, reveals Polish identity versus China as the significant “Other”. It enriches not only the literature on relations between Poland and China and provides practical knowledge for the Polish decision makers but also contributes to the research on the perception of China in international relations as well as to the understanding of the mechanisms behind the news creation and consumption on China in Polish media. It is conducted within the framework of the two-year project about understanding of the image of China in Polish society and the relationship between this image and Warsaw’s policies towards Beijing.