A device design technique using tunneling barriers (TBs) for reducing the short-channel effects (SCEs) is proposed. By introducing TBs at the source and drain junctions of a Si FET, the threshold voltage (Vth) rolloff can be significantly suppressed. This is because the TBs weaken the electrical coupling between drain bias and transmission/current spectrum in energy. Specifically, as compared with a conventional FET, the Vth roll-off for channel length reduction from 20 to 5 nm is mitigated by more than 40% when a thin TB is embedded at the source junction. This paper further reveals that the TB at the source junction dominates the physical mechanism minimizing the SCEs of the TBFET, and thus the device performance can be improved appreciably by removing the TB at the drain side and by decreasing the TB height at the source side.
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES ,65(3) ,P.855-859