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    题名: 醫學圖書館員參與系統性文獻回顧之研究
    其它题名: Medical librarian participation in systematic reviews
    作者: 劉淑容;Liu, Shu-Jung
    贡献者: 淡江大學資訊與圖書館學系數位出版與典藏數位學習碩士在職專班
    林雯瑤;Lin, Wen-Yau Cathy
    关键词: Evidence-Based Medicine;literature retrieval;medical librarian;systematic review;文獻檢索;系統性文獻回顧;實證醫學;醫學圖書館員
    日期: 2017
    上传时间: 2018-08-03 14:56:00 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 系統性文獻回顧(Systematic Reviews, SR)乃以實證醫學為基礎所發展延伸的研究文獻,為摒除學術傳播偏差提升該類型文獻之完整性與客觀性,醫學圖書館員會參與其中協助資料檢索與相關資訊服務。根據2017年美國醫學圖書館學會(Medical Library Association, MLA)發佈之「醫學圖書館員終身學習與成就專業能力」(MLA Competencies for Lifelong Learning and Professional Success),首次明訂SR文獻檢索及其相關知識為館員必備之專業能力。然因國內參與該研究之館員仍在少數,故本研究乃以「醫學圖書館員參與Medline所收錄的SR」為研究對象,並應用書目分析與內容分析法萃取出重要資訊,藉以瞭解其文獻特質、圖書館員角色、資料庫與檢索策略應用、學科分布及通訊作者特質,提供欲參與該研究之館員參考。
    根據研究結果歸納重點如下:(一)在文獻特質方面,自2014年至2016年間符合研究條件之文獻共有786篇,醫學圖書館員參與之文獻量有增加趨勢;為提升SR品質,應依循準則進行研究,PRISMA是最常被採用且簡易之準則;文獻發表時亦應提供完整之檢索策略與檢索過程以做為文獻品質驗證。(二)在館員角色部分,則以館員共同作者比例居多占有61.58%,其餘則為內文或致謝辭提及貢獻;(三)在資料庫運用與檢索策略部分,共出現192種資料庫,平均每篇SR會檢索5.16種以上資料庫以蒐集完整之研究資料;資料庫類型包含索摘資料庫、引文資料庫、全文資料庫及註冊資料庫,索摘資料庫則以medline及PubMed平台居冠,且通常會於Medline資料庫確立檢索詞彙與檢索策略後,再微調運用於跨資料庫檢索;(四)通訊作者分屬34個國家,以美國最多,依次為加拿大及英國。台灣則僅有二篇文獻,且館員之貢獻出現於致謝辭中;(五)本研究對象有96.07%期刊收錄於JCR中,其中高達50.66%期刊列為所屬學科領域的第一分位數。
    本研究依研究結果與發現,提出以下建議:(一)館員應應充實醫學詞彙、實證醫學及SR相關知識,並應熟悉各資料庫範圍、索引方式及檢索語法。(二)臨床人員進行SR研究時,可尋求醫學圖書館員協助或參與團隊共同進行研究,以提升研究品質。
    Systematic Reviews (SR) is extended literature review based on evidence-based medicine. In order to reduce the bias on academic communication and enhance the integrity and objectiveness of such type of literature review, medical librarians will participate in service to assist the researcher in data searching and information related work. According to the "MLA Competencies for Lifelong Learning and Professional Success" published by the Medical Library Association (MLA) in 2017, for the first time, the ability of literature retrieval of systematic review, and its related knowledge, are the necessary professional qualifications for librarians. However, the number of librarians participating in the study is still a minority. Therefore, this study aims to understand the characteristics of literature review, role of librarians, pool of database and application of searching strategy, distribution of department and characteristics of corresponding author by using database on SR study from Medline database involved by medical librarians, and also applying bibliographic analysis and content analysis to extract important information. Such research might provide reference for librarians who wish to participate in the study.
    The results of the study reveal that: (1) in the characteristics of literature review, a total of 786 in line with the conditions of the literature review of SR from 2014 to 2016 years. More medical librarians involved in the increasing amount of literature review of SR. In order to enhance the study quality of SR, we should follow the guidelines for research. Among them, PRISMA is the most commonly used and simple guidelines; the publication of SR should also provide a complete searching strategy and process of data searching for assurance of good searching quality. (2) In the role of librarians, the proportion of librarians as co-author occupies 61.58%; the rest of them mentioned the contribution of librarian in the text or acknowledgement. (3) In the database application and searching strategy part, 192 kinds of databases appeared. An average of 5.16 or more databases searched to collect complete SR research data. The type of database contains “Indexing & Abstracting Database”, the “Citation Index Database”, the “Fulltext Database”, and the “Clinical Register Database”. The highest data searched was on Medline and PubMed. In addition, usually we used Medline database to establish the searching terms and searching strategies, then perform fine-tuning by cross-database searching. (4) The corresponding author of all SR belongs to 34 countries, with the largest number of them is from the United States, followed by Canada and the United Kingdom. Taiwan has only two SR, and the librarian''s contribution only appears acknowledgement. (5) 96.07% of the SR was included in the JCR, of which up to 50.66% of the journals listed as the first quintiles in the subjected area.
    According to the results and findings in the study, recommendations are provide as below: (1) Librarians should be proficient in the medical vocabulary, evidence based medicine, and systematic review related knowledge, and should be familiar with the scope of the databases, the indexing methods and search syntax; (2) For conducting the research of systematic review, clinical staffs can seek for the assistance of medical librarians, or participate in the team for a joint study to improve the quality of research.
    显示于类别:[資訊與圖書館學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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