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    题名: Adaptation in the context of subjective well-being
    其它题名: 個人幸福感脈絡下之個人適應研究
    作者: 歐德曼;Ortmann, Marco
    贡献者: 淡江大學未來學研究所碩士班
    陳瑞貴
    关键词: 幸福感;打工旅遊;適應;Subjective well-being;working holiday;adaptation
    日期: 2017
    上传时间: 2018-08-03 14:38:35 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 自2010年起,德國和台灣開啟了讓兩國年輕旅行者可以到對方國家打工旅遊的互惠協定。本研究旨在藉由正向心理學的觀點創建出測量與對照的架構,探討這些打工旅遊者在打工旅遊的主觀個人幸福感與調適。本研究的對象是針六名參與赴德國打工旅遊計畫,並具有運用一整年時間到德國境內不同城市富有挑戰性體驗的台灣青年進行深度訪談。在與研究對象訪談過後,本研究發現最主要的挑戰其實是遇到不同狀況該有不同的解決方法。本研究進一步針對分別為青春期、晚期和初入社會等不同階段所進行打工旅遊計畫的活動探討其優缺點,並給予在不同階段上未來參與彼等打工旅遊計畫在其職涯規畫上的建議。最後,並說明調整自身需求以融入外國文化和打工旅遊計畫的四個未來想像。
    Since 2010, a reciprocal agreement between Germany and Taiwan has been in place which allows young travelers to undertake employment in the respective countries to supplement their travel funds. This paper discusses adaptation in the context of Subjective Well-Being in which various concepts from the field of Positive Psychology were used to create a framework of measurement and comparison. The research results are based on a case study on young Taiwanese adults who participated in the Working Holiday program and, therefore, spent one year in various parts of Germany. In interviews with six research subjects, major challenges as well as methods to deal with or overcome those challenges were identified and ranked according to their occurrences. Furthermore, advantages and disadvantages of participation in the working holiday program during three different stages of late adolescence and early adulthood are listed and suggestions in regard to their overall significance in the career planning process are offered. Lastly, four scenarios are used to illustrate the impact of a changing demand in exposure to foreign cultures and changing jurisdiction on the working holiday program in general.
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