This study mainly aims, via adopting the method of document analysis, and literature review to explore the policy reforms, development, and the management patterns of the private higher education institutions in Mainland China. The purposes of this study are :
1. To understand the development of private higher education in Mainland China.
2. To clarify the major reform of policies of private higher education in Mainland China.
3. To analyze the categories of private higher education institutions, as well as their patterns of management in Mainland China.
4. To explore the relations of private higher education institutions to the government.
5. To analyze the specific features of the private higher education in Mainland China, and the problems faced by private higher education institutions in Mainland China.
6. To propose suggestions, based on the findings of this study, useful for the future reforms of policies related.
The conclusions of this study can be summarized as follows:
1. The private higher education in Mainland China has been developed through different stages since its re-construction in 1978, and the “Private Education Promotion Law” has been enacted as the base rule in Mainland China.
2. The categories of private higher education institutions (PHEIs) in Mainland China and their management patterns are considerably diversified.
3. The development of private higher education in Mainland China have been subject to the support of local governments and their provisions in different cities or regions varied accordingly.
4. The development of private higher education in Mainland China has been very fast, and the programms they are entitled to provide have been, with the approval of the government, extended from the undergraduate level to the postgraduate level.
5. The policies concerning the management of private higher education institutions in Mainland China has been reformed dramatically since the 1990s, the government, the PHEIs, and the market have been interacted as in triangular partnership with one another, and the role of the government towards the PHEIs has changed from the previous dominant one, to a positive supporter.
6. To provide programms in accordance with the demands of the market has been one of the most specific features of private higher education in Mainland China, and the retaining of the close cooperation with the industry and neighboring communities has been emphasized by most PHEIs.
7.Some PHEIs have tried, via positioning themselves according to their development strategies, to establish their own special characteristics.
8. All PHEIs in Mainland China are in a dilemma situation, while the government has allowed them to choose either to be an institution for profit, or non-profit.