The purpose of this study is to investigate learning motivation and student engagement of optometry majors in Taiwan. Through this study, we can understand the circumstances of learning motivation and student engagement of optometry majors in Taiwan and the relationship between them.
Learning motivation is the inner psychological process of arousing, maintaining and guiding students'' learning activities to reach goals set by teachers, which can be divided into three dimensions: self-efficacy, intrinsic value, and text anxiety.
Student engagement means students participating in school activities which can help them acquire high-level thinking and development, including students attending classes and the interaction among students, teachers and the institution, which can be divided into three dimensions: behavioral engagement, emotional engagement, and cognitive engagement.
The “Questionnaire on the learning motivation and student engagement of optometry majors in Taiwan” is used as a research tool to collect information from optometry majors students in Taiwan. Data are analyzed using statistical methods including descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. A total of 800 questionnaires were distributed, with 772 valid responses, attaining a valid response rate of 96.5%. The conclusions of this research are as follows:
1. The degree of learning motivation for optometry students in Taiwan is high.
2. Learning motivation for optometry students in Taiwan is affected by different background factors.
3. The degree of student engagement for optometry students in Taiwan is high.
4. Student engagement level for optometry students in Taiwan is affected by different background factors.
5. The relationship between learning motivation and student engagement for optometry students in
Taiwan is significantly modestly positive.
6. Learning motivation is predictive of student engagement for optometry students in Taiwan.
Based on the results of this research, suggestions were provided to the government, higher education institutions, faculty members, students, and future researchers.