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    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/113931

    題名: The role of energy in Russia's foreign policy : a diplomatic history (1873~2015)
    其他題名: 俄羅斯外交政策中的能源角色 : 外交史(1873~2015)
    作者: 曾麗明;Tseng, Li-Ming
    貢獻者: 淡江大學歐洲研究所博士班
    馬良文;Ma, Liang-Wen
    關鍵詞: EU and Central Asia;EU Energy Security;EU-Russian Relations;Oil and Soviet Hegemony;Oil and WWI Alliance;Russia and Central Asia;United States Utilitarianism;石油和第一次世界大戰聯盟;石油和蘇聯霸權;俄羅斯和中亞地區;美國家功利主義;歐盟和中亞地區;歐盟-俄羅斯關係;歐盟能源安全
    日期: 2017
    上傳時間: 2018-08-03 14:36:04 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 巴庫的石油工業發展始於 1873 年,自此之后,世界上對俄羅斯石油的
    聯盟;在 1905 年的日俄戰爭期間,與美國標準油的市場競爭使日本受惠。第
    蘇聯成為歐洲主要的天然氣供應商,導致持續的冷戰 - 衝突源於後蘇聯能源
    The development of Baku oil industry commenced in 1873, since then, Russian oil as a product was increasingly needed by the world giving way to market demand and Russia as a producer needed a foreign market to export voluminous production output. Based on historical events, government intervened to win or defend world market share, in
    effect, strategic partnership with industrialists was inevitable such as financial, trade support, business opportunities, and others. As oil became the sum total of economic development in the late modern period, thus, consuming states bitterly campaigned to obtain it and so oil trade was a part of external affairs such that economic relations or trade agreements were concluded. Thus, we witnessed the law of the jungle as it is the fittest
    who shall win market share or supply share, likewise, producers and consuming states tend to cooperate if it would raise their interests in matters of procurement, sales, shipment.
    In conclusion, the development of Russian oil industry impacted national political development – positively, socialist experiment in Russia sustained for seven decades as oil trade financed the economy; imperialism as supply partly consolidated East Bloc allegiance; gas utility system proved crucial for post-Soviet Russia. Negatively, the fall of Tsarist government as communist movement grew in the framework of Baku industry;Soviet dissolution partly due to budget strain in subsidizing oil to the East Bloc; economic
    free fall due to petro economy. Secondly, oil trade impacted world history for a hundred thirty years; in pre-WWI, it strengthened British-Russo-Franco relations and so safeguarded their imperial design in the Balkans and business interests; business denial pushed Germany
    to invest in Romania and Middle East which partly consummated alliance with Central Powers; market competition with Standard Oil paved for America to favour Japan during
    Russo-Japan War in 1905. Post WWI oil trade paved for diplomatic ties and re-annexation of Caucasus, and in post WWII, the USSR became Europe main gas supplier and said dependency laid the seeds of continuing Cold War – the world in conflict due to post-Soviet energy environment and as Russia must defend her status as a major supplier.
    顯示於類別:[歐洲研究所] 學位論文


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