In 2002 Iran''s previously undeclared nuclear facilities was exposed in USA satellite images, grabbed world’s attention to nuclear plan of Iran. EU3 (including Britain, France, Germany) and the EU High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy plays significant roles of negotiation toward the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran''s nuclear program.. Iran and the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council – the United States, France, Britain, Russia and China – plus Germany signed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action(JCPOA) in 2013 and started implementing it in January 2016. The EU and UN nuclear-related economic and financial sanctions against Iran were terminated in line with the JCPOA. EU and Iran have increased their financial cooperation gradually, largely through oil, deepening their diplomatic relationship through growing trade and bilateral investment. After most sanctions against Iran are lifted, how does Iran re-establish a partnership with EU? To ensure Iran''s adherence to the JCPOA, how to promote mutual interests through cooperation? What kind of trade oppourtunites between EU and Iran?
This thesis centers on the Iran-EU economic and trade. Historical approach combined with Policy analysis approach is adopted in this research. The paper consisted of four main sections: looking into the factors influencing Iran’s strategic on sign the nuclear agreetment with P5+1, analyzing the impacts of economic legacy from former government, which changed Iran’s diplomatic policies, probing into what role for the EU in the negotiation with P5+1, as well as the possibility between Iran and EU to develope futrher relation beyond nuclear dailogue, and investigating oppourtunities and chalenges for EU – Iran trade relations in post – sanctions era.
According to this research, EU through economic and trade activities to maintain Iran''s nuclear safety purposes, and try to develop further dialouge like demovracy and human rights to promote rigional stability, convey values of EU. However the Iran – EU relations influenced by Iran’s political regime type, institutional decay and other countries which regards Iran as hegemonic state, hense hampering the warming of business relations between Iran and Europe. On the basis of the analysis mentioned in the chapters and sections above, there are suggestions summarized in this paper. At first Iran should unify policies, rectify domestic and economic problems, Secondly Iran must rebuild diplomatic relaitons with neighboring countries. Third EU can establish a more independent communicational to expand various dialogue with Iran, fourth to use multilateralism mechanism flexible for deepen partnership with Iran with the security target.