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    Title: 歐盟鐵路運輸整合之研究
    Other Titles: Study of European railway integration
    Authors: 黃婷怡;Huang, Ting-Yi
    Contributors: 淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班
    陳麗娟;Chen, Li-Jiuan
    Keywords: 歐盟鐵路運輸;單一歐洲鐵路網;鐵路套案;泛歐洲交通網絡計畫;鐵路貨運走廊計畫;歐盟共同運輸政策;容科投資計畫;Single European railway area;TEN-T;Railway Packages;EU Rail Freight Corridors;European Union Common Transport Policy;Juncker Plan
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2018-08-03 14:35:56 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 歐盟建立內部市場所提倡的四大流通,即商品、人員、勞務和資金等,均需要交通運輸產業的配合才得以使內部市場順利流通。本論文以鐵路運輸的整合作為探討,起初在第二次世界大戰期間,鐵路的國有化在各國政府的政策制定上,佔有一定的影響力,但是戰後,全球化市場的提倡,航空及公路運輸的競爭力上升,使得鐵路運載量大幅降低,依賴國家融資而形成龐大的債務,這樣的財政問題陸續在歐盟各個會員國發生,因此歐盟開始擬定鐵路政策的改革措施,以建立一個「單一歐洲鐵路網」為目標。

    因此本論文根據1994年開始執行的「泛歐洲交通網絡計畫」以及2001年第一階段「鐵路套案」至2016年第四階段「鐵路套案」探討歐盟如何制定適用於各會員國的鐵路政策,以整合鐵路市場、平衡各項運輸發展並促進貨物運輸的流通,同時也針對2010年歐盟執委會公布的「鐵路貨運走廊計畫」瞭解目前歐盟對於實現「單一歐洲鐵路網」的期望,以及鐵路運輸未來的發展方向。
    Since the European Internal Market has been established in 1993, the European Union (EU) has contributed to promoting four freedoms of goods, people, services and capital within the European Internal Market. Transportation plays a vital role to complete the European Internal Market.

    This thesis focuses on the integration of the European railway system. During the World War II, railways were nationalized and very important for the transportation in every European country. With the globalization, transportation in the field of air and road has been better developed than other transport sectors. The EU has enacted railway policy and established a “Single European Railway Area”.

    The “Trans-European Transport Networks” and the “Railway Packages” have been carried out from 2001 to 2016. This thesis works on developing of the EU railway policy and describing how member states work on establishing a “Single European Railway Area”. It also works on the trend of the “EU Rail Freight Corridors”.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of European Studies] Thesis

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