In this article, the “National Strategy”of the United States refers to the overall strategy of the United States, or the “Global Strategy”, or “National Security Strategy”, that also covers its Diplomatic Strategy, National Defense Strategy, or sub-level Strategy. As to the goal of this study, it’s involved the strategic conception and planning of the United States in the Asia-Pacific region, especially pivoting for China and Taiwan, as well as the development of US-China relations since the 21st century.
The formation and development of the overall national strategy of the United States
can be in general based on its historical and cultural heritage, democratic values, national interests, as well as changes in the international objective situation. That gave its timely adjustment somehow maintaining the survival and development of the country and the international hegemony status. And its development trend, whether it is for the United States itself, regional security or the world pattern, resulted in more or less a linking impact. Therefore, its growing tendency and trend around the world are being closely watched, the academics and think tanks as well.
Since the Cold War era, the main objectives of the international strategy and foreign policy for the United States has been building and maintaining its global hegemony in order to safeguard its best national interest. That is to say, when its strategic objectives remain unchanged, but once “the imaginary enemy” transforming, plus the international situation changing too, then its national strategy to be advancing with the times.
In the face of “China’s rising” and “China’s threat”, the strategy adopted by the United States, roughly speaking, kept swinging among the ‘containment’, ‘intercourse’ and ‘cooperation’. That is, under the thinking of the Realism and Neoliberal, it came as a timely and proper adjustments. The Clinton Administration applied the “Encirclement” and “Isolated” strategies, while with the positive contacts as a means. Then the Bush Administration adopted the “containment with intercourse” and the “forced containment” to prevent the rapid expansion of Chinese forces. Up to the Obama Administration, for fighting against terrorism and efforts to maintain regional security, plus avoid incidents occurred in East Asia, it came as a favorable strategy---try to maintain a good relationship with China, and then revising to “both intercourse with cooperation, and containment as well”.
After the Cold War, the “steep rising” of China has been taking challenge against US’s hegemony, in replace for the former Soviet Union and made a new type of bipolar confrontation. In particular, since the “One Belt, One Road” big strategic initiative in 2003, that spurred its political, economic, military superiority. It is noteworthy that the impact of the US returning to Asia’s balanced strategy, whether it’s going to remain operating, and whether it is still in exchange for intercourse and cooperation, how will it be an impact on US-China and Asia-Pacific regional security remains concern.
As for Taiwan, it has always been standing as the key in the geopolitical strategy, whether the United States and China waging as two strong opponent. We’re inclined to play the strategic value for the survival and security of the country, hence ones the political decision-makers have to use the wisdom and right choices. Those about how the cross-strait relations to maintain a peaceful development and how to eliminate differences in the domestic dispute, gathering consensus as to improve cross-strait relations, are so concerned in this article.