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    題名: Ocean dragon : China in the pacific islands region : implications, new equilibria and synergies
    其他題名: 海龍 : 中國在南太平洋區域的影響, 新平衡與新融合
    作者: 杜允士;Bozzato, Fabrizio
    貢獻者: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所博士班
    翁明賢;Wong, Ming-hsien
    關鍵詞: China;Pacific Islands Region;regional socialization;Synergy;中國;太平洋島嶼區域;協同效應;區域社會化
    日期: 2017
    上傳時間: 2018-08-03 14:35:27 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 太平洋島嶼地區,又稱為南太平洋或是西南太平洋, 是一個具有日益成長的地緣政治、經濟強盛,以及環境議題的一個區域。 太平洋島嶼地區由 14 個獨立主權國家以及 8 個具有不同治理經歷的領土所組成,人口總數大約為一千萬人。在過去的十年間,此地區已成為舊有權利以及新興權力疊加的策略重區。 南太平洋地緣政治系統的迅速發展特點在於新的國際政治選擇、系統中行動者,以及媒介之間的協同作用,而此協同作用使區域秩序產生轉變;特別是該地區吸引了中國日益增長的外交與經濟參與,而中國在傳統地區之權利影響的淺在競爭對手為澳洲、紐西蘭、美國等西方國家,這些淺在競爭對手在南太平洋區域投資了多重的安全與經濟政策措施,並且提供主要的雙邊地區之外援。中國日漸增廣的影響力使得政府、國際組織,以及研究學者對亞太關係或更甚於亞太關係之事務的關注日漸增長,而這些學者擔憂中國日日增長的活躍會使得其對於亞太關係中成為競爭或主導的可能性。為了學術需要,本論文研究中國在太平洋島嶼地區之地位與影響的相關議題。本論文探討中國與太平洋島嶼國家之間的關係以及地區性的多方機構;同時也探討中國與長期區域強權主義者與和其他外部行為者在影響力上的互動與競爭。本研究中分析的部分包含中國近期與長期以來於太平洋島嶼國家中的戰略意義,以及其相應的發展、政治陳述,以及其模式變化。因此,研究途徑包含數章節討論中國參與太平洋島嶼事務的動機與戰略目的,中國與澳洲、紐西蘭關係之動態、中國與台灣的外交較勁、中國對太平洋島嶼地區之對外援助與投資、中國的區域見解以及北京的軟實力、中國所代表的政體、與中國軍隊意外衝突的風險、中國區域社會化以及與中國建設性外交。本論文根據社會結構主義之理論分析所得結論,中國的區域整合受限於多重身分與異律行為;外交與經濟成長、具有影響力的資產與合夥關係決定了包含北京在內的利益關係者,其制度戰略將中國社會化向區域系統推進。相對的,遏制且得失所系的立場僅是有害而無一利的。
    The Pacific Islands Region (PIR), also known as the South Pacific or Southwest Pacific, is an area of increasing geopolitical relevance, economic significance and environmental concern. It comprises 14 sovereign states and 8 territories with varied histories of governance populated by approximately 10 million people. Over the last decade, it has become a strategically important region where the interests and ambitions of established and rising powers intersect and superimpose. The rapidly evolving South Pacific geopolitical ecosystem - characterized by synergies among new international politics options, actors and vectors - is generating shifts in the regional order. In particular, the region has attracted growing diplomatic and economic engagement from China, a potential competitor to the influence of the traditional regional powers: Australia, New Zealand, US and other Western-aligned states, which have a complex set of security and economic interests invested in the region, and provide the bulk of bilateral and regional foreign assistance. China’s expanding regional footprint is effecting a change in the level of attention paid to the Pacific Islands by governments, international organizations and analysts within and beyond Asia-Pacific, which are preoccupied with the possibility of China’s growing regional activism producing destabilizing consequences in terms of competition and governance. For the sake of scholarly inquiry, this dissertation investigates issues related to China’s presence and influence in the PIR. It discusses China’s relations with Pacific Island countries and the regional multilateral agencies, as well as its interaction and competition for influence with the long-time regional hegemons and other external actors. Specifically, the analysis conducted in this study assesses the current and long-term strategic implications of China’s embedding in the region, and examines the corresponding scenarios, political narratives and paradigm changes. Accordingly, the avenues of analysis include chapters and sections on the drivers and strategic aims of China’s involvement, the dynamics of China’s relations with Australia and New Zealand, China’s diplomatic rivalry with Taiwan, Chinese foreign assistance to and investments in the region, regional perceptions of China and Beijing’s soft-power, regimes of representation of China, the risk of accidental friction with the Chinese military, China’s regional socialization and ambits for constructive engagement with China. The conclusion draws from the social constructivist approach upon which the dissertation is predicated. In the light of its theoretical prism, the analysis concludes that, while China’s regional integration remains limited due to its multi-faceted identities and heteronomy of behavior, China’s diplomatic and economic inroads, influential asset and partnership role dictate that regional stakeholders, including Beijing, devise strategies to incrementally further the socialization of China into the regional system. By contrast, a containment, zero-sum, posture would only be pernicious.
    顯示於類別:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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