|摘要: || 19世紀末起，戰地記者開始嶄露頭角，女性戰地記者更是活躍於20世紀的戰爭年代，身影穿梭在兩次世界大戰、韓戰、越戰等重大戰爭之中。在科技日新月異、人人都能成為公民記者的全球化時代下，「記者」的存在是不可取代；尤其是象徵歷史見證人的戰地記者，迄今仍是一個持續發展的職業，而它在新聞業的獨特性，使得其戰地報導備受世人關注和討論。|
At the end of the 19 th - century, war correspondents began to emerge, especially for female war correspondents, who were active in the war era- 20th - century, they have reported many important wars, such as World Wars II, Korean War, Vietnam War, etc. As the progressive development of technology and the globalization, the existence of journalists became irreplaceable. In particular, the war correspondent is the witness of history. It is still a job existing nowadays, on account of its uniqueness in the news industry, people always discuss and pay close attention to their war reports.
Different from the past studies relating male correspondents, this thesis is based on feminism, we try to figure out the ideologies of female war correspondents and are willing to know whether war reports are influenced by feminism or not. Due to the rise of women''s right in the 1960s, many women were recruited in the news industry and even got the permission to cover Vietnam War. With the boost of female consciousness, the stories relating war in Vietnam led to conclude that the concepts among “women, war, and correspondent” are compatible.
There are three cases of the Vietnam War female correspondents, Martha Gellhorn, Gloria Emerson, and Oriana Fallaci. After reading and analyzing their autobiographies, obituaries, thesis, etc, we found that three of them did not declare their pro-feminism position. However, they all acted upon and speaked in the common tone: men and women have equal rights, what women do has nothing to do with the physical gender difference. Their actions and words affected their reports indirectly. Thus, even if female war correspondents themselves do not claim to be feminists, the connection between their reports and feminism is obvious.