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    題名: 胡錦濤時期中共對臺統戰之研究 : 以行動戰略觀點
    其他題名: China's united front strategies toward Taiwan during Hu Jintao's period : from the perspective of strategy of action
    作者: 吳厚諺;Wu, Hou-Yen
    貢獻者: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班
    施正權;Shih, Cheng-Chuan
    關鍵詞: Anti-Session Law;Chen Shui-bian;Friend Theory;Hu Jintao’s;Lien Chan;反分裂國家法;朋友論;胡錦濤;連戰;陳水扁
    日期: 2017
    上傳時間: 2018-08-03 14:35:04 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 胡錦濤擔任國家主席期間(2002-2012),先後面對民進黨首度執政以及臺灣政黨的再次輪替。此十年間的兩岸關係,陳水扁擔任總統期間日趨緊張對立,中共制定了「反分裂國家法」,以及國民黨主席連戰之「和平之旅」。從第三次國共和談提出「兩岸經貿合作協議」及「胡六點聲明」來看,胡錦濤打破了過去中共領導人對臺政策的單一性,展現出多樣性戰略路線的調整。
    在「反分裂國家法」頒布到「和平之旅」的一個月內,兩岸關係從緊張到和緩,中共一改過去軍事演習的武力威脅,反映出中共對臺政策的靈活應對。國共從過去的對立到進入和談,進一步共同對抗「臺灣獨立」之場,足見有必要深入探究胡錦濤時期之對臺統戰政策。
    本文首先從政治、經濟及文化等三個面向切入,梳理中共對臺統戰政策的發展。其次採取薄富爾將軍提出之「行動戰略」(Strategy of Action),深入解析中共對臺統戰的戰略考量及實際行動。
    從中共連續數年於〈中央一號文件〉所提出的「三農問題」來看,臺灣問題已然影響到其內部管理,勢必造成中共對臺採取更為嚴苛的處置方式。就統戰手法而 言,胡錦濤的身段柔軟、軟硬兼施手法,且中共實踐「朋友論」,使得統戰工作的一致性及延續性更不易推翻。總結而言,胡錦濤時期的對臺統戰雖靈活多變,但因政治手段強硬且文化交流未能深入,反讓臺灣人民感受別有所圖,而難得民心。
    During Hu Jintao’s administration, Peopel’s Republic of China(PRC) faced Taiwan’s first and second party alternation. In this decade, Chen Shui-Bian administration and its pro-independence position deteriorated the cross-strait relation, then PRC implemented “Anti-Session Law” in March as response. Within a month, Lien Chan, the chairman of Kuomintang(KMT), visited mainland China on behalf of pro-unification camp of Taiwan.
    Despite of “Anti-Session Law” and its intimidation, PRC turned to a more tender attitude toward Taiwan after the meeting with Lien Chan. Hu administration even issued a statement of “Hu’s Six Points,”. Which constituted the basis of Economic Coopertation Framework Agreement(ECFA). As a result, from “Anti-Session Law” to “Hu’s Six Points,” PRC not only showed the flexibility of United Front Strategy toward Taiwan but also improved the cross-strait relationship after 2000. With the 3rd peace talk in 2005, Chinest Communist Party(CCP)and KMT ended the confrontation and cooperated to deal with DPP and Taiwan Independence.
    In this paper, Ireviewed PRC’s United Front Strategy toward Taiwan from respects of politics, economics and culture respectively. Second I used “Strategy of Action,” which was proposed by General Andre Bearfre, to evaluate strategies of Hu administration.
    Cross-strait relation had affected China’s social stabilization, resulting a more harsh United Front policy. Moreover, Hu administration applied “Friend theory” as method and showed a more flexible attitude toward Taiwan, which increased the difficulty of Taiwan’s counteraction. In conclusion, Hu administration’s strategy was clever and nimble, but its aggressive political pressure and insufficient cultural exchange decreased Taiwanese people’s trust.
    顯示於類別:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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