本文首先從政治、經濟及文化等三個面向切入，梳理中共對臺統戰政策的發展。其次採取薄富爾將軍提出之「行動戰略」(Strategy of Action)，深入解析中共對臺統戰的戰略考量及實際行動。
During Hu Jintao’s administration, Peopel’s Republic of China(PRC) faced Taiwan’s first and second party alternation. In this decade, Chen Shui-Bian administration and its pro-independence position deteriorated the cross-strait relation, then PRC implemented “Anti-Session Law” in March as response. Within a month, Lien Chan, the chairman of Kuomintang(KMT), visited mainland China on behalf of pro-unification camp of Taiwan.
Despite of “Anti-Session Law” and its intimidation, PRC turned to a more tender attitude toward Taiwan after the meeting with Lien Chan. Hu administration even issued a statement of “Hu’s Six Points,”. Which constituted the basis of Economic Coopertation Framework Agreement(ECFA). As a result, from “Anti-Session Law” to “Hu’s Six Points,” PRC not only showed the flexibility of United Front Strategy toward Taiwan but also improved the cross-strait relationship after 2000. With the 3rd peace talk in 2005, Chinest Communist Party(CCP)and KMT ended the confrontation and cooperated to deal with DPP and Taiwan Independence.
In this paper, Ireviewed PRC’s United Front Strategy toward Taiwan from respects of politics, economics and culture respectively. Second I used “Strategy of Action,” which was proposed by General Andre Bearfre, to evaluate strategies of Hu administration.
Cross-strait relation had affected China’s social stabilization, resulting a more harsh United Front policy. Moreover, Hu administration applied “Friend theory” as method and showed a more flexible attitude toward Taiwan, which increased the difficulty of Taiwan’s counteraction. In conclusion, Hu administration’s strategy was clever and nimble, but its aggressive political pressure and insufficient cultural exchange decreased Taiwanese people’s trust.