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    Title: 法國青少年失業問題及政府對策之研究(2008-2014)
    Other Titles: Policy on teenagers' unemployment/employment in France.
    Authors: 林郁卿;Lin, Yu-Ching
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
    李大中;Li, Da-Jung
    Keywords: 法國失業;青少年;就業政策;Unemployment in France;Teenagers;Employment Policy
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2018-08-03 14:34:55 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 全球經濟籠罩著不景氣,法國就業狀況越來越低瀰,尤其是肩負著國家重責大任的年輕人,失業率卻比其他群體甚劇,造成社會莫大的隱憂;同時,一個社會倘若無法提供年輕人機會,也將導致人力資源的浪費,影響一國的經濟建設和社會發展步伐。正值工作年齡的年輕人不再積極找工作,自動退出亦或是遭到勞動市場排除。

    在法國,社會保障制度向何處去,一直是公共政策探討的焦點。對法國來說,積極的勞動市場為另一個新的途徑,由過去消極的失業救助邁向積極的就業政策轉變,將失業保險制度與職業訓練機構更緊密連結在一起,逐漸由福利的提供轉向就業的提供,使青少年能快速地重返就業市場,免於被社會排除。

    以長久深受失業所苦的法國為探討,藉以釐清造成青少年失業問題的可能面向。對此,法國政府該如何挽救國內青年的失業現象,以期能有效改善現階段所面臨的窘境,因為最終一國的經濟增長與是否能穩定就業息息相關。
    While the economic crisis storms throughout all the nations worldwide, employment condition in France goes from bad to worse; especially of those who takes a bunch amount of responsibilities for the public, teenagers’ employement
    rate in France severely higher than other groups of age, which cause a great secret worry in the society. Meanwhile, if a society cannot offer opportunities to the teenage’s, it would also lead to a unesserary surplus of human resource, which could have a bad effect on economy construction and social development.

    In France, the development of social welfare security system has always been a key point discussed in public policy agenda. However, to France, an aggressive labor force market will be an advantage to the policy which changes from passive unemployment rescue to aggressively offering employment resolution program. The policy closer connects unemployment insurance system with before-job-training together, and gradually transfers welfare-providing to job-providing, which makes teenagers quickly re-enter job market and helps them free from social exclusion.

    By taking France, whose unemployment rate has long been a problem, as an example, we can clearly discuss the probable aspects that cause the unemployment problem. Moreover, it’s also worth observing that how France governments improve current unemployment circumstances and how they effectively solve the embarrassing situation. After all, whether a country has a prosperous economy closely depends on whether it has a stable employment environment.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of International Affairs And Strategic Studies] Thesis

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