People who live on both sides of Taiwan Strait are the same race, using the same language and sharing the same culture. They were separated to two political entities by the civil war ended in 1949. Although both respective government claimed to terminate the cross-straits hostilities, even in 1992, Taiwan and Mainland China finally reached a “One China with respective interpretations” consensus and pursued country unification, they still have a heating debate between then regarding sovereignty.
However after 20 years since then, not only there is no united country but also not an increasing number of Taiwan people who want to see themselves as Chinese people. They stand by Taiwan independence and maintain the status quo. Even though KMT who was in power from 1998 to 2016, the authority of Taiwan became closer to Mainland than ever before, Mainland China surrendered part of their profits to Taiwan in economy, treating Taiwan people more friendlily, communicated with each other frequency and admitting to some contribution of R.O.C government in history not too long ago.
In this thesis, I hypothesize the P.R.C government still keeps a policy and operates culture strategy to unify Taiwan, and applied Wendt’s culture concept of constructivism as an approach to analyze the hypothesis.
As Wendt’s theory explains, when a person’s private knowledge is shared with other people, it would become the shared knowledge. The socially shared knowledge is culture. People under the same culture would have inter-subjective understandings amongst them, and supervenience in those people’s heads to guide their behaviors. When people act out as a social role in the culture, they need other people to support the role. Therefore, if people who act out pro-social culture behavior, they would be categorized as in-group which is “Identity”. Wendt mention interdependence, common fate, homogeneity, self-restraint as four master variables to form a collective identity.
I also propose “truth” from social cognition theory as Intervening Variable to explain why so many people in Taiwan do not want to see themselves as Chinese people and won’t unify with China after 2008?