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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/113893

    Title: International institutions and state behavior : a case study of the influence of the treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons on Sweden, South Korea, and North Korea's compliance and conformity
    Other Titles: 國際制度與國家行為 : 不擴散核武器條約對於瑞典、南韓與北韓的行為影響之案例研究
    Authors: 森亞博;Kostadinov, Yavor
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所博士班
    李大中;Li, Da-Jung
    Keywords: 國際制度;核不擴散;核裁軍;遵守條約;符合規範;International Regimes;Nuclear non-proliferation;nuclear disarmament;Compliance;Conformity
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2018-08-03 14:34:51 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 一年後,我們將迎接核不擴散條約橫越半世紀的時刻。在愛爾蘭、紐西蘭等國強力倡導核不擴散與核裁軍的誠心支持下,尤以核不擴散規範的成功,與促進核技術在醫療、農業、工業及研究的和平用途,使該條約已然演變為近乎普遍國際的制度。此外,除了定期的雙邊條約,聯合國大會也於 2016 年通過一項決議,開始就核裁軍法律的觀點框架進行談判,在此同時,有三種作為也持續削弱該制度的影響力:不遵守條約、策略性符合規範及蓄意不符合規範。
    In a year the world will celebrate half a century since the advent of the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. With the genuine support of strong advocates of nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament, such as Ireland and New Zealand, the treaty has evolved into a nearly universal international regime with particular success in strengthening regulations in non-proliferation, and in the promotion of nuclear technologies for peaceful uses in medicine, agriculture, industry and research. Furthermore, in addition to periodical bilateral treaties, in 2016, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution to start negotiations on a legal framework for nuclear disarmament. At the same time, three types of behavior continue to erode the regime – one of non-compliance, one of strategic conformity, and one of overt non-conformity.
    The aims of this qualitative case study are 1) to present a typology of behavioral outcomes in respect to institutions, so to rectify the predominant emphasis on compliance, 2) to deduce and prioritize factors affecting compliance with, and conformity to the nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament regime from international regimes and social psychology theories by applying intersubjective criterion 3) to process-trace how changes in the factor influence change in behavior and under which circumstances drawing on the cases of South Korea, North Korea and Sweden. Security driven perception attempts to change the shared knowledge on nuclear weapons toward their possessors while the humanitarian perception aims to maintain the focus on the weapons themselves.
    It is argued that nuclear subjectivism has led to distorted perception of nuclear weapons and thus the shared knowledge structure by aiming to stigmatize nuclear weapons could provide an important leverage in negotiations and contribute to persuade a more objective view. The evidence suggests that gradual strengthening of regulations combined with the decreasing value of nuclear technology for peaceful uses and without corresponding progress in disarmament increase fear of loss of autonomy and consequently contribute negatively to the increase in strategic non-compliance and non-conformity while invigorating states genuinely renouncing nuclear weapons thus polarizing the debate. The research stresses the vital importance of dynamism in the development of both pillars non-proliferation and disarmament and recommends nuclear weapon states join the negotiation process or risk further proliferation.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of International Affairs And Strategic Studies] Thesis

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