In past some sixty years, from the beginning of the China Community Party’s ruling China in 1949 to present time, The Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee held in Dec. 1978 was the key event to divide the political development into different stages. In earlier stage, Mao raised the The Cultural Revolution to strike down Liu Shaoqi, the successor designated by himself, to concrete his own control in power. No sooner, Lin Biao’s strong influence in military became the new threat to Mao. Therefore, Mao began to attack him and caused him fled and died out of China. In addition, Jiang Qing, the leader of Four gangs, continuously stirred the country for acquisition of more political influence. Generally, during Mao’s governance, China got no economic growth, and wandered in the political rioting from the successor issue.
While Mao died in 1978, Deng Xiaoping finally defeated Hia Guofeng from the fierce political warfare. In Dec. 1978. Deng was recognized as the highest leader in The Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee. During Deng’s governance, China’s economy got very rapid growth. With the great economic achievement, Deng was named as the general designer of reformation. Deng also built up the take-over mechanism for the General Sectary Successor so that the political operation could run smoothly. However, Hu Yaobang and Zhao Ziyang still failed to go onboard by relying the mechanism. Until Jiang Zemin’s move-up, the mechanism finally work successfully. Since then, the new General Sectary could expire his term of office.
This paper follows the timeline to study the history events in past some sixty years. In the perspective of political conflicts in China, it explores how Deng could be exalted as the highest leader after Mao’s death, the causes why Hu Yaobang and Zhao Ziyang failed to succeed, and why Jiang could secured his position in the twilight at sunset of Deng so that China’s successor mechanism began to go on its way. In addition, it also evaluates the gains and losses of Deng’s governance.