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    题名: 中國大陸推行「一帶一路」戰略分析
    其它题名: A strategic analysis of China's the belt and road initiative
    作者: 黃意鈞;Huang, Yi-Chun
    贡献者: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班
    張五岳;顏建發;Chang, Wu-Ueh;Yen, Chien-Fa
    关键词: 21世紀海上絲綢之路;the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road;the Belt and Road;the Silk Road Economic Belt;Xi Jinping;一帶一路;習近平;絲綢之路經濟帶
    日期: 2017
    上传时间: 2018-08-03 14:34:05 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 鄧小平改革開放迄今,歷屆中國大陸領導人對外政策具有一致性,外交政策或戰略的擬定,仍以國內經濟建設為主,即任何政策擬定以國家利益與發展為主要重點;維持和平與穩定的外交環境,亦是中國大陸外交重點方針。縱使中國大陸內部環境與國際情勢不斷改變,中國大陸領導人也隨之調整戰略,但國家和平發展基本方針未改變。鄧小平時期,中國大陸外交傾向於維持現狀穩定,以爭取時間,發展國力,該期間的「改革開放」、「發展是硬道理」,使得中國大陸的綜合國力迅速成長,經濟大幅度升高;隨著「中國崛起」論點發酵,現任中共中央總書記習近平面臨了內外環境雙重困境,內部迫切轉變產業結構,外部大國及周邊國家對中國崛起備感威脅,習近平須重新擬定新的國家戰略來因應新時代的挑戰,因而提出「一帶一路」戰略,期盼藉由本文能有效的梳理習近平上任後,中國大陸推行「一帶一路」戰略背後所象徵之發展戰略與可能帶來無限之機遇,或者面臨巨大挑戰而影響「一帶一路」的未來長期戰略推動。
    Since Deng Xiaoping''s reform and opening up from now, all the previous president of China have a consistency to the foreign policy. International diplomacy or the strategy formulation still focus on the domestic economy, that is, the main point to set up any policy away are national interests and development; stay peace and stability of diplomacy environment is also the focus of China''s foreign policy.
    Even if China’s domestic and international situation changed constantly, the leader of China also adjust the strategy as well, but the national peace and development basic policy have not changed.
    In the times of Deng Xiaoping, China’s diplomatic prone to maintain stability and stability, in order to earn more time and develop national strength. During the period, the policy of “Reform and Opening up” and “Developing Is an Unyielding Principle” make the comprehensive national strength of China has grown rapidly and the economy has increased significantly. Along with the point of "China''s rise" fermentation, the current leader of China Xi Jinping facing both internal and external dilemma, to the internal, urge to changes in the industrial structure; to the external, the threat of the armed force of those powerful countries and those neighboring countries which afraid of "China''s rise". Xi Jinping needs to re-develop a new national strategy to respond to the new challenges of the times, thus he comes out the " The Belt and Road "strategy. Hope that this article can effectively collate that after Xi Jinping inauguration, all the opportunities and possibility that " The Belt and Road " strategy may bring, or because of facing huge challenges so that strategy of " The Belt and Road " may changed.
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