本論文會以香港回歸段所發生的重要大事為重心，以便探討「一國兩制」在中國政府與香港之間所產生的認知矛盾；年青人對此的心態轉變與實際行動；本土派的興起，探究「一國兩制」對香港年青人的衝擊與影響。 In 1997 Hong Kong was handed back to the Chinese by British, Chinese Government promised Hong Kong freedom of the press , freedom of the assembly and Hong Kong people have the right to elect their leader in the near future. But since 2003, the most biggest protest happened in Hong Kong because the Hong Kong Citizens showed their disagreement of anti-subversion law(Hong Kong Basic Law Article 23),Beijing asserted more and more control in subtle way over Hong Kong.
Especially in 2012 Hong Kong Government announced a plan of national education to promote the nationalism (There were pretty much people believed the PRC were seeing the new generations in Hong Kong were unpatriotic), therefore there were some younger people had been founded an organization ”Scoholarism” to fight against the national education for freedom of next generation. China has been increasingly aggressive towards Hong Kong and those aggression has set a stage to Hong Kong people for a big fight. On 31, August 2014 China’s parliament voted to change the way Hong Kong selects its leader (Chief Executive),China Government announced that they will screen candidates running for what was meant to be a democratically elected position. This announcement spark off the Umbrella Movement which is the biggest civil disobedience movement in Hong Kong. In these two cases, the Hong Kong Federation of Students and Scholarism tried to mobilize people to join civil disobedience and there were thousands of students from more than 20 university and colleges have abandoned classes to secure the freedom or the right to choose their own leader by universal suffrage. It shows the new generation in Hong Kong become more active participation in politic issues.
The thesis tries to look for the inherent conflict of “One country Two systems”, how the system makes the young adults in Hong Kong tend to be supporters of the democratic camp and waiting for the “Two systems” promises to be upheld, also the reason of Localist Group grew up quckily in Hong Kong.