Urbanization refers to the process of industrialization and the development of social and economic development, the proportion of agricultural activities in human activities decreased, the proportion of non-agricultural activities in the process of rising.
From the perspective of population migration, the driving force for urbanization development includes the thrust of the village and the city''s rally. Thrust is the factor that makes the crowd leave the country, and the pull is the factor that attracts the crowd to the city. However, due to China''s dual economic structure system, in the housing standards, household registration policy, medical standards and public facilities in the construction of urban and rural dual standards, many farmers even into the town can not really into their own construction of the city, Because they belong to rural household registration, but they live in the city, while in education, health care, welfare and enjoy the same treatment standards with urban residents, resulting in their serious lack of safety in urban life, and thus for urban consumption The role played by the negligible.
Mainland China since the reform and opening up more than 30 years, its urbanization level increased substantially from 18% in 1978 to 53.7% in 2013, during the urban population growth of more than 500 million. Although China''s development is so fast, but the process has many problems to be improved. Therefore, the Chinese mainland would like to use the "New Urbanization Plan 2014-2020" released in March 2014 to promote the dynamic process of population, capital, land and other elements in the geospatial flow, configuration and combination to break Elements of the flow of institutional barriers to improve the efficiency of resource allocation, thus releasing the economic development potential, to promote the modernization of mainland China.
This paper analyzes the current household registration system and the policy measures of population migration management from the existing household registration system and the relationship between population management and urbanization in China. Can we get out of the new urbanization path which conforms to the characteristics of mainland China , To avoid the rural diseases, urban diseases, population migration management difficulties, uneven distribution of resources, environmental pollution, slums and other problems brought about by the Chinese mainland economic recovery, economic and social sustainable development.