Since 1949 the two sides of the Taiwan Straits has begun confrontation, which has lasted for 68 years, many changes have been taken place in the CPC''s policies toward Taiwan, partly because of international factors and on the other hand by changes in the leadership of the Chinese Communist party.
Xi Jinping is the fifth generation leader of the Communist Party of China. Xi Jinping''s political experience shows that he knows Taiwanese businessmen and Taiwan’s situations very well. What is his policies toward Taiwan? Are there any difference between his polices toward Taiwan and his predecessors’? Does the Xi Jinping''s policies towards Taiwan is "hard", or "soft", or "two tactics", both hard and soft? When does he take "hard" as the main factor? When is the "soft" priority? What about those things will be use the strategy of "hard"? Which will be use the strategy of "soft"? All deserve my attention.
This thesis is divided into five chapters. The first chapter is the introduction, discussing the research purpose and motivation, research approaches and methods, research framework, research scope and limitations, etc. The second chapter is a review and analysis of the policies of the Chinese Communist Party leaders before Xi Jinping, hoping to understand their policiestowards Taiwan through literature review. The third chapter is to discuss the connotation and factors of Xi Jinping policies on Taiwan. I hope that through literature analysis, I can analyze his policies toward Taiwan and analyze the key difference between Xi Jinping and his predecessor''s policies towards Taiwan by comparing the concept of Taiwan. The fourth chapter discusses Xi Jinping''s political and economic policies toward Taiwan and its influence. This chapter from the perspective of empirical research, the case analysis, hoping to find that after Cai Ying wen became president, Xi Jinping''s policies toward Taiwan has changed. The final chapter is conclusion, by using historical approach of literature analysis, found the policies toward Taiwan Xi Jinping basically follow the former predecessors of China policy, abide by the "peaceful reunification and one country two systems" and "92 consensus" principle, in principle, take "hard and soft hands strategies flexibly, adhere to the" anti- independence and promoting reunification ".
It will be found by this research, If President Cai Ying wen does not accept the "one China principle" and "92 consensus", both sides will be stalled, and because the United States has made out of TPP, President Cai Ying wen''s "New South" policy is blocked, is not favorable for the Taiwan economic and trade development, coupled with the CPC in the world to me down, on both sides of the relationship would be more embarrassing.