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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/113786

    Title: 芝山巌事件が台湾に残した文化的遺産
    Other Titles: 芝山巖事件給臺灣帶來文化的遺緒
    The cultural heritage in Taiwan by Zhishanyan incident
    Authors: 高山智惠子;Takayama, Chieko
    Contributors: 淡江大學亞洲研究所碩士班
    Keywords: conflicting cultures;Social Constructionism;social constructivism;Six Teachers;Zhishanyan Incident;Zhishanyan Spirit;六氏先生;社会構築主義;社會建構主義;芝山巌事件;芝山巌精神;異文化
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2018-08-03 14:31:18 (UTC+8)
    Abstract:   1895年(明治28年)4月,日本與中國清朝簽訂《馬關條約》,取得台灣此塊領土。對台灣的統治政策裡,日本政府將教育政策列入重要項目之一。而一手推動整個台灣教育政策的人,便是伊澤修二。他首先將學務部遷移到芝山巖,同時創辦芝山巖學堂,並邀請楫取道明、關口長太郎、井原順之助、中島長吉、桂金太郎、平井數馬等六位老師(又稱六氏先生)一同對台灣人教授日語。
    In 1895, Japan signed the Treaty of Shimonoseki, and Taiwan became Japan''s territory. As for governing Taiwan, The Meiji government appointed Shuji ISAWA as the first chief of Education Bureau responsible for the educational policy in Taiwan. He is a man with an important role in
    the government''s policy on education. The education bureau was moved by him to Zhishanyan, and he founded "Shizangan Gakudo" in Zhishanyan. There, he began to teach Japanese together with "The Six Teachers".
    In 1896, while Shuji ISAWA was in Japan, "The Zhishanyan Incident" happened. At the time,
    the society of Taipei city was very unstable, and around the time of the incident, riots and acts
    of violence were happening around the city. "The Six Teachers" went to Taipei to attend New
    Year celebrations, but they could not go there because the city was too dangerous. Then, unfortunately they were attacked and killed by a militant group.
    "The Zhishanyan Incident" had a great effect on Taiwanese educational policies. After the incident, Isawa Shuji called the sacrifice of the six teachers the“The Zhishanyan Spirit.”It contributed to teacher training, and“The Zhishanyan Spirit”cultivated the Taiwanese people''s mind and became a part of the island’s culture.
    In 1945, Japan accepted the Potsdam Declaration, and formally surrendered the island of Taiwan. After the change of government, The Kuomintang of China, viewed the Japanese educational policies as“enslavement education”. Therefore, they rejected "The Zhishanyan Incident" and“The Zhishanyan Spirit”.
    After martial law ended in 1987, the monument “Tomb of the Six Teachers”was built, as
    well as, "The Monument to the Six Teachers" made by Hirobumi ITO was rebuilt. Thus, once again "The Zhishanyan Incident" is attracting the attention of the public.
    The history of Taiwan is very complex, because the people of Taiwan had to accept different cultures. There are different opinions at all times in Taiwanese society, and the balance of
    power between people groups is often shifting. Therefore, the interpretation of "The Zhishanyan Incident" is also often changing. Through "The Zhishanyan Incident, "we can see the societal construction of Taiwan.
    Appears in Collections:[亞洲研究所] 學位論文

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