戰後的日本經濟陷入民生艱苦、舉國蕭條的混亂期後，迅速發展出被稱為經濟奇蹟的榮景，在高度經濟發展之下，無可避免的產生出巨大的社會結構變化。造成地方人口過疏化現象、一極集中、少子高齡化、人口減少等社會問題的產生。許多地方鄉鎮正面臨著存續的危機，已到不可再忽視的程度，尤其是離島的狀況更加嚴重。本論文以日本離島為主體，以新瀉縣佐渡島為研究對象。 急減・超高齡化的衝擊，如何應對是一大課題。首相安倍於內閣府新設「地方創生本部」，制定「城鎮．人．工作創生法」。其理念之基礎為各地方能因地制宜，充分發揮各自的特色，並且產生經濟效應，以創造在地的自立性與永續發展為目標。地方創生總合戰略之相關施政措施，已如火如荼的在日本各地方展開。 人人有創造的能力，挖掘在地特色，並創造出新價值，人人有力量翻轉地方。為求創造出可永續發展的將來，以「地域經營」為立足點，共創在地經濟模式是必然之趨勢。本論文概觀佐渡島的創生綜合戰略的施政策略及實施狀況，探討現今佐渡島的課題，舉例出其他離島面臨的挑戰與因應之道。並以現地調查及研究結果為基礎，針對「觀光立島 佐渡」地域再生計畫提出方案。 After World War II, Japanese economic passed the period of economic depression and destitution of living, then created economic growth which was called “The Japanese economic miracle”. Under such rapid economic development, Japan has no choice but to face the huge change of social construction. This caused several social problem, such as depopulated areas, centralization, low birth rate and aging society, decrease in population, etc.. Plenty of counties are facing serious crisis of continuity of surviving which no one could ignore the outcome, especially the situation in island far from big cities. The topic of this research paper is off-shore islands and the research subject is Sado Island which is located in Niigata ken, Japan. How to deal with rapidly losing population and the strike of super aging society? This is a very serious issue. The Abe Cabinet established the new department of “Headquarter for Overcoming Populatiton Decline and Vitalizing Local Economy in Japan”, and set up the law of “Act on Overcoming Population Decline and Vitalizing Local Economy in Japan”. The concept of this action is for taking actions which suit local circumstances and let every local counties could develop their own characteristic and create economic effects, and the target of this action is developing each county’s self-subsistence and sustainable development. Based on the concept of comprehensive strategy for regional, there are plenty of actions which are established and executed in full swing within whole Japan. Everyone has endless power of creation and the capability of change the situation of current situation at every county. If he or she just goes and digs out the local characters and add new value on them. For creating a sustainable future, it is very necessary standing on the pattern of “Regional management” and then develop the local economic together. This paper focuses on the policy of comprehensive Strategy for regional and the implementation situation of Sado Island. We studied the current difficulties’ of Sado Island and listed the results of other off-shore islands’ people when they faced the same challenge. This paper is based on the conclusion of field survey and makes a proposal of local regeneration project of “Tourism-oriented Sado island”.